Our boar, Gunther The Juliana Pig is a small colorful pig originating in Europe through selective breeding of various kinds of pigs. The Juliana Pig, also known as the Miniature Painted Pig, is small, spotted, and conformationally sound. It should not exhibit a pronounced pot belly or sway back, should have a long snout, and be slight in frame. Temperament is of the utmost importance since the Juliana has been specifically bred to work with humans. While the Juliana breed is quite old it is unsubstantiated as to whether or not the modern Juliana pig is of the same ancestry. Regardless of ancestry the modern Juliana more closely resembles the original Juliana then any other breed today. It is the goal of breeders to produce offspring that consistently exhibits the characteristics of the original Juliana pig.
General appearance: The Juliana is a small, colorfully spotted pig. It more closely resembles a small version of a large hog or feral pig than it does the Pot Belly pig. It should be lean, longer then it is tall, and athletic in appearance. The Juliana should never be pudgy, heavily wrinkled, or sluggish in appearance.
Head: The most prominent feature of the head is a long straight snout that is neither turned up nor snubbed. Eyes are almond shaped, clearly visible, and can be blue to almost black. Ears are small and erect. Heavy jowls are to be discouraged.
Body: Lean and muscular the Juliana pig should never look round or flabby. The top line should be straight and of good length. Chest and shoulders should be of medium width, neither broad nor narrow. A slight sway in the back is permissible but discouraged. Belly should be clean and firm. A slight roundness in the belly is permissible, but there should not be a ‘Pot belly’ present. Leniency is given to sows who have produced litters.
Legs: Set well apart, straight when viewed from the front and rear. Front legs should be set under the shoulders but converge when in motion. Two toes of even length and two dewclaws on each foot. Rear legs should be set apart, but under the body. In motion the legs will converge. When viewed from the side, hocks should be set slightly back and be strong. Hocks should never be luxating or weak.
Tail: Straight when relaxed with a switch on the end. When excited or in motion the Juliana tail may curl or twist.
Color: Always spotted the base color can be silver, white, red, rust, black, or cream. Spots are generally black but can also be red or white. Spotting should be profuse and random, not in a piebald pattern. Spotting may fade or blend in as the hair coat gets longer, but pigmentation on the skin must be visible when washed or shaved. Hair coat is coarse, thick and may be quite long in the winter.
Size: On average the Juliana pig is 15-17 inches in height
Disqualifications: A solid coloration with no spotting. Height over 19 inches.
Wallace & Gromet
Poca, now owned by Prestige Painted Pigs
Poca as a baby
Pigs are social animals that would normally live in a herd, so they really enjoy being with their people and with other animals. Snuggles, belly rubs, sunbathing and rooting around are some of our pigs’ favorite things. Owning a pig is a huge commitment, much like owning a dog. They require time, attention and training. Julianas run around the house wagging their tails, raise up their mohawks when the scratches feel good, and flop over when you rub their belly. Feel free to ask us any questions; we will happily tell you all we’ve learned from owning pigs for years.
Prima piglet and her puppy friend
This is probably the most frequently asked question. The short answer is they will be about 15″ tall and weigh approximately 50 pounds. The long answer is that we need to take into consideration genetics and environment.
Genetics: There is natural variation in size among offspring in any species, and offspring are not always going to end up the exact same size as their parents. For example, you’ve all seen kids who end up being way taller than either of their parents! Or maybe one sibling is naturally tall and lean whereas another is short and stocky. Some kids look just like their parents and other times you don’t see much resemblance. What I’m getting at is that is just because Miele weighs 38 lbs and Gunther weighs 45, that’s not to say they could produce a piglet smaller or larger than themselves. I would not expect a 20 lb pig or a 70 lb pig out of those two parents though! We also have to look a few generations back and see that they come from stock approximately the same size, so we know that they are breeding true. In other words, they don’t have 75 lbs pigs a generation or two back that could influence the size greatly. Like if every single individual in a family tree was approximately 6 feet tall, it would be fairly safe to assume any children would grow to that height as well. But if grandma or grandpa was very short, perhaps that height factor could skip a generation and show up in a grandchild. Just some food for thought.
Environment: Pigs will be pigs, that is, they will eat whatever is available to them and have a tendency towards being overweight. Lets look at this in terms of humans again… Someone who is 5’6″ can weigh 110 lbs, or several hundred pounds. That is a HUGE variation!! Weight is greatly affected by diet and exercise in any species of animals. So to say that all pigs that are 14″ tall will weight the same amount is unrealistic. Juliana pigs should have a long lean appearance, and should NOT have a pot belly or heavy jowls! They need to have their feed strictly rationed to prevent them from becoming overweight. We’ve had piglets from the same litter go to different homes where one is fed an appropriate amount and the other is overfed. The piglet whose food as been properly rationed ends up having a lovely athletic appearance and weighs about 35-40 lbs, whereas the overfed and chunky litter mate weighs 60-65 lbs. I’d be willing to bet that underfed, with ribs and spine sticking out, a pig the same height would be about 25 lbs. (Note that I have not seen this, this would be starvation and cruel.) So really, it is up to the owner to decide whether they want a 40 or 60 pound pig. And its about more than just appearance; being overweight is not healthy for any animal! Its hard on their joints, their heart, digestion, basically every system of the body. A lean pig is going to feel better and live longer than his overweight counterpart.
Q: Male or female? Differences? Which ones make better pets?
A: Both males and females make equally as good pets, so long as they are spayed or neutered. Intact pigs do not make good pets and cannot live in the house. In my opinion, the piglets vary more in individual personality than in gender. Some males are more snugly, some are more confident, others tend to be more shy. Same goes for females. Even within the same litter of all females, you will see a big difference between them in temperament. With the intact females, you can get away with keeping them in the house for quite a while until they really mature (est 1-2 years) and start to show all behaviors that go along with breeding. With the males, they start to stink right away if not neutered.
Q: Are pigs expensive to keep and maintain?
A: No, not at all. Feed is about $16 for a 25 lb bag and the litter (pine pellets) comes in a big 40 lb bag for about $6. Vetting for pigs through a large animal clinic tends to be more affordable than for cats or dogs too. While the purchase price is high, the maintenance cost is really very minimal.
Q: What about vaccinations?
A: There is no standard vaccination protocol for miniature pigs. There are plenty of swine vaccinations, yes, but they were all developed for commercial swine and many of them are not relevant to a single pig living indoors. I encourage all of my customers to talk to their own vet to decide which vaccinations would be necessary based on location, exposure to other animals and wildlife, travel, etc. Pigs that are rooting around in the ground do require regular deworming. I personally use Ivomec twice a year, which takes care of intestinal parasites as well as mites.
Q: Is having a piglet like having a puppy?
A: Yes and no. The biggest difference between pigs and dogs is that pigs are naturally PREY animals, whereas dogs are predators. Fight or flight, pigs will choose flight every time, running away from anything scary. So whereas puppies are naturally very friendly and come right up to new people from the time they’re able to walk, a piglet’s natural instinct is to be afraid and run. That said, pigs are VERY food motivated so it is easy to overcome this natural fear. Just takes some time and patience, plus they naturally outgrow it when they are raised around humans. This food motivation also comes in handy for training a pig! Potty training is much like potty training a puppy; you can crate train them like a dog and teach them to go outside to potty, or you can have them use a litter box. Remember that as babies, they cannot hold it as long as an adult, so they will need to go outside or visit the litter box more often. Like puppies, piglets are very curious and will explore with their mouths, nibble on everything. This means you will need to piggie proof your home, same as you would if you were bringing home a puppy.
Q: Do they squeal a lot? How do you get them to stop?
A: In general, no, but it depends on the pig. Dyson is very vocal and squeals sometimes to get the girls’ attention. Tootsie mostly just oinks and chats now and then. As piglets, they will squeal when they are scared. This is normal! If they squeal when picked up, just hold onto them until they calm down and are quiet, then set them down. Do NOT set them down when they squeal!! Setting them down when they are being loud will reinforce the bad behavior. Again, being prey animals, they are naturally a little fearful and don’t like being picked up. You can teach them that being picked up is a good thing by following these tip…. Reward your pig for being quiet, either with a treat or setting them down. Hold them snugly up against your body so that the feet are not dangling; this will make them feel more secure. Routine is key! If you pick your pick up regularly and make it part of the daily routine, the pig will accept it.
Q: Do they get along with other animals?
A: Yes!! Pigs do fabulously with cats and dogs, they will snuggle and interact with other pets very readily. Most of my piglets go to homes with other pets and within a few days in their new home, I am getting update picture of the pig sharing a bed with the dog. Be sure to monitor initial interactions, though, especially around larger dogs.
Q: Indoors or outdoors? Where to keep my pig?
A: Both or either. Pigs love sunshine and don’t care much for the cold. They can live indoors but enjoy going outside now and then too. If they are going to live outside full time, they will need shelter and depending on the temperature, a heat source. My pigs have an indoor/outdoor barn which can be heated in the winter if needed.
Q: What is the purchase price of a piglet? Do you have any piglets for sale? How do I get one?
A: All of that information can be found HERE, under the Purchasing a Piglet tab.
Bedding: Pigs love blankets and beds, especially the ones with the bolster edges for them to cuddle up into.